Ground coffee types

Ground coffee types

Coffee has been an icon of the morning since time immemorial and a source of inspiration, thoughts and feelings...

There are many types of coffee, the most important and most prevalent of which are Arabica coffee and Robusta coffee. We will talk with a simple explanation about the two types:

Arabica coffee:


Arabica coffee beans are the most famous and widespread in the world known as Arabica coffee, or in other words Arabic coffee. Where it dates back to the beginning of the eighteenth century AD, 70% of the coffee in the world is produced from Arabica beans. And 60% of the coffee sold in the Arab regions. The development of its manufacture in Yemen spread until it included all parts of the Arabian Peninsula. The shape of the coffee bean tends to be oval and the dividing line is curved.

Arabica coffee contains natural sugars and fats, which makes it taste smoother, less bitter, and tends to be sweeter.
It also contains a range of nutrients, vitamins and minerals, including:

  1. magnesium
  2. manganese
  3. niacin
  4. Sodium
  5. potassium
  6. Vitamin B2 or riboflavin.

Being a type of coffee that contains caffeine, the coffee beans are ground to a fineness suitable for preparing instant coffee.


Robusta coffee:

Robusta coffee is considered the second most widespread and popular type around the world. It originated in sub-Saharan Africa. It is grown primarily in Africa after Indonesia. Robusta coffee, which comes from a tree called Coffea Canephoraplant, has a pungent and more sour taste. Robusta coffee contains twice the amount of caffeine found in Arabica coffee. It also contains a group of vitamins, minerals, fibres, amino acids, essential oils and monosaccharides, and it is less desirable than Arabica coffee, which makes its price somewhat lower. The shape of the coffee bean is circular and the dividing line is more like a straight line.

Some benefits of Arabica and Robusta coffee:

  • Coffee, especially Arabica and Robusta, contains high amounts of antioxidants, so it is anti-inflammatory and reduces the incidence of some chronic diseases.
  • Brewed coffee contains 95% of water, which provides the amount of water required by the body in the day. It also helps hydrate the body, balance fluids and regulate blood pressure. It is also considered a low-calorie drink.

Arabica and Robusta are the most widespread in the world production, as they constitute 98% of the world production.

Despite the great popularity of Arabica among gourmets, Robusta maintains its position in the coffee market with complete confidence.


This table shows a comparison between the two types:

  Arabica Robusta
the origin Africa Ethiopia
Amount of caffeine 0.8 - 1.5 1.7 - 3.5
The taste and texture of coffee Soft and sweet Strong, tough, acidic
production quantity 30% 70%